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  • cyber
     → Spring 2019

    Foreshadow: Researchers discover another Intel processor vulnerability

    Sally Cole (Senior Editor )
    Two international teams of security researchers have independently and concurrently discovered “Foreshadow,” a new variant of the hardware vulnerability known as “Meltdown,” which exploits a bypass of Intel processors’ secure regions to access memory and data.

    Signal processing
     → October 2018
    How \

    How "near-peer" adversaries are changing command posts and battlefield network requirements

    Chris A. Ciufo (General Micro Systems)
    Future battles may be fought against so-called "near-peer" adversaries who may already be ahead of America's best technologies. It's time to adopt the latest consumer technologies in the command post by making the post more mobile or by making it virtual, like unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) pilots wh... [read more]

    avionics
     → October 2018

    Milestone in abstracting the hardware: Realizing the promise of FACE

    Mark Grovak (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions)
    The Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE) Consortium, part of The Open Group, was formed to establish a standard common operating environment to ­support portable capability-based applications across Department of Defense (DoD) avionics systems. Key to the common operating environment envisi... [read more]

    cyber
     → October 2018

    Foreshadow: Researchers discover another Intel processor vulnerability

    Sally Cole (Senior Editor)
    Two international teams of security researchers have independently and concurrently discovered "Foreshadow," a new variant of the hardware vulnerability known as "Meltdown" that was announced earlier this year. Meltdown can be exploited to bypass Intel processors' secure regions to access memory and... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → October 2018
    The future of military systems is software-defined and virtualized

    The future of military systems is software-defined and virtualized

    Sally Cole (Senior Editor)
    Software-defined open virtualization solutions are a smart way to implement next-gen military systems: They're easier to maintain and enable future software and hardware upgrades with minimal risks, costs, and downtime.

    avionics
     → November/December 2018

    Optimizing avionics reliability with dissimilar redundant architectures

    Rick Hearn (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions)
    The potential consequences and acceptable probability of failure of an avionics system dictate the Design Assurance Level (DAL) that must be met in order for it to be certified for flight. The key computing elements of a system - such as the single-board computers (SBCs), graphics cards, and operati... [read more]

    com
     → Fall 2018

    PC/104: The small form factor doing big things

    Writing about PC/104 can be challenging: If you're just talking about the form factor, there's not a whole lot of new material to cover. In fact, if you're reading this in a printed magazine, it's likely that you already know about PC/104. But for the sake of those who don't know - if you're a young... [read more]

    VPX
     → Winter 2018
    1, 2, 3, ... Slots are In

    1, 2, 3, ... Slots are In

    Jerry Gipper (Editorial Director)
    When one envisions a VPX system, the image that often comes to mind is a multislot high performance computing system full of processing and I/O boards. But there is a completely different class of VPX "systems" that range from one to three slots in size, primarily in a 3U form factor. What do these ... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → October 2018
    Newer 28 nm ADCs enable next-generation EW receiver systems

    Newer 28 nm ADCs enable next-generation EW receiver systems

    David Brown (Analog Devices); Peter Delos (Analog Devices )
    The high-speed ADC [analog-to-digital converter] is a primary design consideration in all wideband electronic warfare (EW) receivers; it largely determines system architecture and overall detect-and-observe capability.

    signal processing
     → September 2018
    Taking military communication to the next level with SIC

    Taking military communication to the next level with SIC

    Joel Brand (Kumu Networks)
    Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) have become the backbone of tactical military communication because of their exceptional flexibility, security, and reliability. While MANETs have many unique capabilities, however, they have not yet realized their full potential. A new technology, self-interference c... [read more]

    embedded hardware
     → Fall 2018

    Reduced SWaP for design into embedded platforms using 10 GbE

    Mike Southworth (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions )
    As advanced network features and increasing speeds are added to next-generation rugged embedded switches, these products become even more useful for military applications by helping to reduce system size, weight, power, and cost (SWaP-C) through a reduction of cabling and the use of Layer 3 switches... [read more]

    SBC
     → Fall 2018
    PC/104 continues to serve multiple markets

    PC/104 continues to serve multiple markets

    Roy Keeler (ADLINK Technology)
    Since it was first introduced in 1992, the PC/104 form factor has enabled embedded computing for avionics, military command and control, industrial automation, medical systems, and more. Its small size and inherent ruggedization made it ideal for unique applications in the aerospace, industrial, med... [read more]

    VPX
     → Winter 2018

    VITA 57.4: FMC+

    Jerry Gipper (Editorial Director)
    Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are utilized in many applications, with the range expanding as new variations of FPGAs emerge. By design, FPGAs are easily reconfigured as application needs change. But sometimes a change to the front-end hardware connecting the FPGA to a real-world application... [read more]

    COM
     → Spring 2019
    High-energy physics: Controllers for X-ray laser accelerators

    High-energy physics: Controllers for X-ray laser accelerators

    Heiko Koerte (N.A.T.); Vollrath Dirksen (N.A.T.)
    DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron) - one of the world's leading particle-accelerator centers, conducting top-level international research into the fundamental relationships of matter - was tasked with finding a successor technology for its control and data-acquisition systems, which were based ... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → September 2018

    Advances in switching bring rugged 1/10 GbE networking to embedded platforms

    Mike Southworth (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions)
    As advanced network features and increasing speeds are added to next-generation rugged embedded switches, these products become even more useful for military applications by helping to reduce system size, weight, power, and cost (SWaP-C) through a reduction of cabling and the use of Layer 3 switches... [read more]

    safety certification and security
     → November/December 2018
    Reduce smallsat component costs by bridging gap between commercial and QML Class V options

    Reduce smallsat component costs by bridging gap between commercial and QML Class V options

    Ken O'Neill (Microsemi )
    Constellations of small satellites (smallsats) promise to bring tangible benefits to national security space (NSS) programs, where there is a critical need to minimize construction and deployment costs. Multiple smallsats, defined as satellites with launch mass of 500 Kg or less, can be built quickl... [read more]

    radar
     → October 2017
    GaN adoption solves power, performance issues in military applications

    GaN adoption solves power, performance issues in military applications

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor)
    Radar, electronic warfare (EW), and communication systems are increasingly leveraging gallium nitride (GaN) technology to meet stringent high-performance, high-power, and long life cycle demands of these systems Meanwhile, increased commercial volumes is resulting in price reductions for GaN compone... [read more]

    radar
     → Spring 2019
    Reduced SWaP and application requirements drive innovations in power supply

    Reduced SWaP and application requirements drive innovations in power supply

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor )
    Reduced size, weight, and power (SWaP) and increased standardization requirements for applications from unmanned aircraft to ground vehicles to portable communications systems are driving military power supply designs. Meanwhile, innovations such as gallium nitride (GaN) and silicon carbide (SiC) ar... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → January/ February 2019
    Designing multifunction radar and EW systems means staying ahead of the tech curve

    Designing multifunction radar and EW systems means staying ahead of the tech curve

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor)
    Huge data demands - including those from artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) applications - are pushing radar and electronic warfare (EW) developers to seek new ways to deliver multifunction systems that also meet strict size, weight, and power (SWaP) requirements.

    radar
     → January/February 2019
    Ballistic missile radars pushed to detect widening range of threats

    Ballistic missile radars pushed to detect widening range of threats

    Sally Cole (Senior Editor )
    As adversaries develop missile technology to attack the U.S. in ways that can challenge our missile defense - such as conventional and nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles, sea-launched land-attack missiles, hypersonic weapons, and space-based missiles that orbit Earth - it's critical to have... [read more]

    radar
     → November/December 2018
    Mission requirements, reduced SWaP drive power supply innovations

    Mission requirements, reduced SWaP drive power supply innovations

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor)
    Reduced size, weight, and power (SWaP) and increased standardization requirements for applications from unmanned aircraft to ground vehicles to portable communications systems are driving military power supply designs. Meanwhile, innovations such as gallium nitride (GaN) and silicon carbide (SiC) ar... [read more]

    embedded hardware
     → Fall 2018
    Examining key attributes essential to modular SFF designs

    Examining key attributes essential to modular SFF designs

    Steve Gudknecht (Elma Electronic)
    The concept of modular designs in small-form-factor (SFF) electronic systems poses interesting challenges to equipment suppliers who feed the embedded computing market's demand for smaller, more cost-effective solutions. Competing expectations from designers include reduced size, lower cost, lower N... [read more]

    IIoT
     → Fall 2018
    PC/104 adds processing power, dense I/O for the industrial IoT revolution

    PC/104 adds processing power, dense I/O for the industrial IoT revolution

    Jeff Milde (PC/104 Consortium)
    The IIoT [industrial Internet of Things] is poised to reshape factory automation, transportation, energy, and other industrial markets through the application of intelligence and connectivity, but the embedded systems that power these segments are still hampered by concerns about longevity, reliabil... [read more]

    radar
     → January/February 2019
    Configurable FPGAs: More than a point solution

    Configurable FPGAs: More than a point solution

    Paul Bundick (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions )
    Two major challenges confront developers of military radar-processing systems. The first challenge is that modern multiband radar sensors produce huge amounts of data that need to be brought into the system's digital-processing stage as accurately and rapidly as possible in order to generate actiona... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → October 2018

    New rotorcraft designs, silent operations are key goals in Army, Uber partnership

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor )
    Warfighters on missions and Uber passengers hitching rides will soon have something in common - both getting done thanks to what are essentially unmanned, flying cars. The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and transportation company Uber are partnering to advance future vertical lift technologies ... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → October 2018
    FMC enhancements for growing high-speed data needs

    FMC enhancements for growing high-speed data needs

    Dylan Lang (Samtec)
    Field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology has proven to be invaluable to embedded designers for many years. Often acting as an all-in-one solution, FPGAs negate the need for ASIC [application-specific integrated circuit] technology and reduce the cost of custom IP algorithms in silicon. FPGAs ... [read more]

    embedded hardware
     → January/February 2019

    Implementing a common architecture for military systems

    John McHale (Editorial Director)
    They're playing together nicely - the Army, Navy, and Air Force, that is - in their efforts to bring a common architecture to electronic systems across all three services. These efforts are resulting in three main initiatives: the Sensor Open Systems Architecture (SOSA); Command, Control, Communicat... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → September 2018

    Tackling Moore's Law goal of DARPA initiative

    Mariana Iriarte (Technology Editor )
    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) officials kicked off the Electronics Resurgence Initiative (ERI) summit in July 2018 by selecting teams to tackle the three technology pillars - materials/integration, architectures, and design - that will ultimately address Moore's Law. The predicti... [read more]

    processing
     → Spring 2019
    PC/104 vendors head to Embedded World in strong position, atop a billion-dollar market

    PC/104 vendors head to Embedded World in strong position, atop a billion-dollar market

    PC/104 Staff (OpenSystems Media )
    PC/104, well into its fourth decade, remains strong globally in markets such as aerospace, defense, industrial, and medical. Such longevity is a tribute to its inherent ruggedness and the open architecture that enables PC/104 designers to continually integrate state-of-the-art processing technology ... [read more]

    Cyber Security
     → November/December 2018
    AI and military RF systems

    AI and military RF systems

    Ben Hilburn (DeepSig, Inc.); Manuel Uhm (Ettus Research/National Instruments (NI))
    Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) are enabling significant leaps in science and technology, including the fields of digital signal processing (DSP) and radio frequency (RF) systems. Methods nominally labeled as "AI" have been applied to radio systems for decades, but always with the goal of o... [read more]

    artificial intelligence
     → January/February 2019
    Stacked, high-speed DDR4 and DDR5 memory useful in harsh battle environments

    Stacked, high-speed DDR4 and DDR5 memory useful in harsh battle environments

    Jennifer Keenan (Mercury Systems )
    Today's autonomous and artificial intelligence (AI) military systems process an ever-growing amount of sensor data. To handle this extreme workload, system architects must design boards using the fastest FPGA [field-programmable gate array] devices and Intel multicore processors. These devices canno... [read more]

    Obsolescence
     → November/December 2018
    Life cycle management, semiconductor re-creation, and mitigating counterfeit parts

    Life cycle management, semiconductor re-creation, and mitigating counterfeit parts

    John McHale (Editorial Director)
    Obsolescence management continues to be a challenge for military system designers, who are faced with designing for platforms that must last decades but using components that become obsolete in 18 months. In the following Q and A with Daniel Deisz, Director of Design Technology at Rochester Electron... [read more]

    Signal processing
     → January/February 2019

    MACsec encryption extends the value of copper-based Ethernet LANs

    Mike Southworth (Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions)
    There is vastly more copper-based twisted-pair Ethernet infrastructure deployed on military and aerospace platforms than there is fiber-optic cable-based wiring. For one thing, the cost of copper cabling and its related connectors keeps being driven downward by the economies of scale brought about b... [read more]

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